¿ Por qué El Teniente produce ácido sulfúrico ?

A pesar de que el ácido sulfúrico es uno de los reactivos más comunes en la industria mínera y química, se desconoce el orígen de este importante químico. En Chile, la mayor producción del químico surge a partir de la minería del cobre. 

Particularmente, el ácido sulfúrico en la minería del cobre se produce en  el proceso de limpieza de los gases, lo cual se efectúa en la etapa de fundición. Pero no solamente se le puede catalogar como un excedente sino que además es un importante reactivo para generar cobre de alta ley. Es por esto que el ácido sulfúrico se produce y transporta a través de la Carretera del Acido a las fundiciones de CODELCO NORTE. 

planta gas1

Pero más aun. La producción de ácido sulfúrico es muy importante para la Divisón El Teniente, ya que se enmarca dentro del Plan de Descontaminamiento de Caletones, para eliminar las emisiones de gases al medio ambiente.

 

 

 planta de gases6

Por esta razón (y preocupándose por el medio ambiente de nuestro país) la División El Teniente cumple con la norma de calidad del aire del país desde Enero del año 2003.

    

 

 

 ¿ Qué es el ácido sulfúrico ?

  • Es un líquido incoloro, más pesado que el agua
  • A temperatura ambiente no produce gases y no se inflama
  • No es explosivo
  • Si entra en contacto con el agua, su temperatura se eleva (reacción exotérmica)
  • Es una sustancia peligrosa clase 8 dentro de una calificación 9 (pero es menos peligroso que elementos del uso diario en el hogar como el gas -clase 2-, los combustibles -clase 3- y el cloro -clase6-

    ¿ Qué tipos de industrias lo ocupan ?

  • EMPRESAS MINERAS
  • PLANTAS QUIMICAS
  • AUTOMOTRIZ
  • LABORATORIOS QUIMICOS
  • FABRICAS DE FERTILIZANTES
  • INDUSTRIAS
  • PLANTAS DE METALURGIA

 

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Comentarios

buenas tardes, me parece muy interesante este conenido, quisiera saber de que proceso minero de obtiene acido sulfurico y como?

estoy cursando 3º año de ing en minas y debo hacer un informe me podrian ayudar con esa pregunta?

saludos cordiales y muchas gracias por su tiempo.

jose luis manriquez

ing en Minas 3º año 

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